Permanent makeup also known as micropigmentation is a technique of introduction of an appropriate pigment into the epidermis, in order to highlight the beauty advantages, reduce imperfections or camouflage the defects resulting from an accident or illness.
The main difference between micropigmentation and tattooing is the depth at which the pigment is introduced. In permanent makeup, the linergist introduces the pigment into the spinous layer of the epidermis. In tattooing, the colorant is implemented in the dermis.
The effect of micropigmentation consists of several factors: linergist’s skills, the quality of the pigment used, the client’s behaviour after the procedure (it is very important to follow the recommendations after the treatment), the type of needle and the technique used during the procedure.
It is important to know that the permanent make-up procedure consists of two stages: first pigmentation, and then 3-6 weeks after the first procedure, a follow-up visit, called “correction” or “repigmentation”. The follow-up visit aim is to enable the person performing the treatment (linergist) the control of pigmentation healing after the first treatment, improving according to the client’s wishes, supplementing the pigment and strengthening or consolidating the results (performing the second part of the treatment is very important for the final effect) .
Permanent makeup is made by me using a machine (using a device intended for micropigmentation) and manually (using a special pen equipped with a blade). The machine micropigmentation results are visible for 1-3 years, while the manual procedure effects last for approx. 1 year (from 6 to 24 months). The general assumption is that permanent makeup should be refreshed after 1.5 to 2 years.
Eyebrow Micropigmentation is performed using a variety of methods:
EYEBROW permanent makeup
Eyebrows are a frame of our face and for makeup – appropriate shaping of eyebrows may considerably change how we look, optically highlight the eye or harmonise the oval of the face. The colour of the selected pigment may be uniform or the eyebrow may be brighter at the beginning and more saturated at the end creating the so-called OMBRE effect. Pigment staining can also consist of several colours creating a spatial effect – the so-called 3D effect. Experienced linergists use 1, 2 or even 3 colours in order to make the eyebrows look as naturally as possible.
Micropigmentation of eyebrows can be done using:
HAIR METHODS based on imitation of the eyebrow hair on the brow ridge, filling empty spaces, compaction. The procedure is performed using a special device. The latest variation of this method is NANO BROWS (also called Nano-Needle Brows). It’s a technique involving the micropigmentation of individual hairs using a device with special Nano or Micro needles. The effects of permanent makeup done using this technique are very similar to Microblading effects, and at the same time are more lasting than Microblading (hairs in Nano Brows technique are slightly thicker than those that we can get thanks to Microblading, so on ladies who have a small amount of their natural hairs on the brow ridge, Microblading will look more natural than Nano Brows).
POWDER METHOD (also known as OMBRE, if the front and top of eyebrows is a little brighter). With this method, we try to imitate everyday makeup, henna or powder application effect. Due to the fact that it produces a very subtle result, this is (along with microblading) one of the most commonly chosen methods of pigmentation. What’s more, these two techniques often include 3D pigmentation. This means, 2 or 3 colours are used to obtain gradation and a smooth transition from the naturally darker parts of the eyebrows to the brighter ones.
COMPACT METHOD (sometimes called SHADOW METHOD) is a process of applying a pigment within the brow ridge in such a way that the pigment forms a fairly coherent ‘foundation’ under the natural eyebrow hairs. This method is suitable for people who have their natural thick brow hairs or like strongly highlighted eyebrows. Unfortunately, the shadow method may look quite unnatural in people who have very thin eyebrows or have empty spots in the eyebrows. For this reason, the compact method is now very rarely chosen. In the case of large hair deficiencies, the methods that imitate the natural facial hair of the eyebrows, i.e. the hair method and the microblading method (feather) look much better. A variation of the shade method are the OMBRE BROWS and POWDER EFFECT techniques, which produce a softer effect compared with the traditional shade method (for many women the effect obtained using these two techniques is perceived as comparable to the result after henna application).
MICROBLADING which in its nature is very similar to the hair method, but in this case the treatment is performed manually, using a special feather and blade. MICROBLADING is a variation of feathering – it differs from the feather method with a different angle of blade guidance, different shape of the position of individual hairs and their thickness. For many people the name “feathering” and “microblading” are used interchangeably, because the differences between these two techniques are very subtle. The advantage of this method is the huge precision with which individual hairs are drawn. Thanks to this method, it is possible to accurately reproduce the natural hairs of eyebrows, even in people who, as a result of illness or accident, completely lost their hair within the eyebrows. It should be noted, however, that this method is not very lasting – the effects of the hand-held treatment last shorter than when applying the makeup using a device – from 6 to 24 months (usually we can enjoy the effects of this method for about a year to two, then outline of the eyebrows slowly fades and the procedure needs to be repeated). The great advantage of this method is the naturalness of the effect that is achieved after pigmentation.
HYBRID METHOD (COMBO BROWS) also called “Microblading with shading“- it is a method involving two combined techniques – microblading and delicate undershading of the eyebrows. Microblading imitates natural hair, while undershading is supposed to give the eyebrows an optical density. This technique is very often used in people with large loss of the natural hairs of eyebrows, because the result is closest to the natural appearance of the eyebrows.
In my everyday work I follow the principles of delicacy, naturality and subtleness of the effect. Therefore, despite having the skills in all the abovementioned techniques, I perform and specialise mainly in three of them (which gives the most natural results):
2. Microblading + Shading (Hybrid Method)
3. Powder Brows – Ombre Brows
LINES ON THE EYELIDS:
CLASSIC UPPER LINE– natural and discreet line along the upper eyelid (usually pigmentation from the first to the last eyelash on the eyelid)
LOWER CLASSIC LINE– a line along the lower eyelid, usually from half or 2/3 of the eye to the outer corner
UPPER EYELINER LINE (BOLD AT THE END OR DECORATIVE) – this is a line in the form of the so-called eyeliner, which has a decorative purpose
COMPACTION OF EYELASHES LINE – applying the pigment by means of the point technique (applying dots, not a continuous line). Compaction is not visible when the eye is open, the effect of this treatment is very subtle.
MINI HAIR – pigmentation technique of drawing tiny hairs imitating natural eyelashes along the upper eyelid line, most often used in the total loss of eyelashes, i.e. as a result of chemotherapy.
SHADED UPPER LINE AND SHADOW ON THE EYELID – the shading of the upper line can take different forms – from a delicate pigment dispersion to shading of the entire movable eyelid. It can appear in many colours or be monochromatic. We distinguish techniques such as SMOKEY EYES (shading of the black or gray line), ELEGANT EYESHADOWS (multicolour or monochromatic shading on the part of the movable eyelid, taking the shape of an almond), BUTTERFLY EFFECT (it is also a technique of multicolour or monochromatic shading which takes the shape of a butterfly wing).
LIP PERMANENT MAKEUP:
In addition to the traditional methods of pigmentation the outline of the lips or shading and contours with full filling of the labial red, there is the possibility of using the following methods. Please be aware that today the lip contour alone is not pigmented anymore (because it looks unnatural).
LIPSTICK METHOD – the most traditional form of mouth filling. It’s the process of application of the colour evenly so that the lips look like after the application of the lipstick.
Aquarelle METHOD – pigmentation is gentler than in the standard filling method such as Lipstick type filling. The colour is spread in the lip smoothly, as if it was painted with aquarelle paint. The matte effect in this technique is delicate.
3D METHOD – the process of introduction of a darker pigment (in the final stage of pigmentation) in the corners of the mouth and a lighter pigment in the middle part of the mouth, in order to obtain a 3D effect, sometimes this effect is called OMBRE LIPS.